Firm Foundation Bible Study

Lesson 30 – What is Repentance? 
Mark 1:15 and 1 Thess. 1:9

The gospel is the good news that Jesus Christ died for our sins, He was buried and the third day He rose from the dead. 

However, just because of what Jesus did for us does not mean that everyone will automatically go to Heaven. 

The gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ.  As with any gift, it does not become ours until we receive it.  So, there is a response that God expects of us.  What is that response?

Mark 1:15 – “And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.”

Man’s response to the gospel is first repentance, and then faith.  In this lesson, we are going to study repentance.  In the next lesson, we will study faith. 

It is important to understand how the Bible defines repentance, because Jesus said if you did not repent then you will go to hell. 

Luke 13:3 – “I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.”

If there is no repentance there is no salvation.  You cannot go to Heaven without true repentance and that is why it is so important to understand the meaning of this word. 

What does repentance mean?  The Bible defines the meaning of repentance in Matthew 21:28-29.

Matthew 21:28-29 – “28But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard. 29He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.”

In verse 29, the son said no, but then the Bible says he repented.  What was the result?  The son went.  He changed his mind that resulted in a change of action.

So, repentance is a change of mind that results in a change of action or direction.  Regarding salvation, repentance is turning from our sin and turning to God. 

Most people believe they are a good person and do not deserve to go to Hell.  Repentance starts with admitting that you are a hell-deserving sinner.

When you see the seriousness of your sin then it causes you to feel deeply sorry because you know you sinned against God.  The Bible calls this godly sorrow. 

2 Corinthians 7:10 – “For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation …”

The feeling of being deeply sorry is not repentance, but it leads to true repentance and a desire to turn away from sin.  We find an example of this in 1 Thessalonians 1:9.

1 Thessalonians 1:9 – “…and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God”  

An idol is more than just an object that you worship.  Anything that is more important than God is an idol in your heart. 

For some people, education is more important than God.  For some, money is more important than God.  For some, a position, a job, or maybe a boyfriend or a girlfriend is more important than God.

Some people have the idol of drunkenness or drugs in their life.  For some people, their false religion is more important than God.

True repentance is seen in turning away from these sins and turning to God.  You change your mind and say in your heart, “I don’t want this sin to be a part of my life anymore”. 

It results in a change of direction and action.  Now you want to follow God and obey Him. 

If you profess to be a Christian but have been struggling to live the Christian life, examine your heart, maybe you did not repent.  If you did not repent, then you are not a true Christian. 

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Questions Lesson 30

1. According to the Bible, every person will go to heaven because Jesus died on the cross for us.
a. True            
b. False

2. According to Mark 1:15, man’s response to the gospel is first _____________ and then faith. 

3. According to Jesus’ words in Luke 13:3, if you do not repent, then you will not go to heaven.
a. True            
b. False

4. According to Matthew 21: 29, the son said he will not go.  Then what does the Bible says he did?
a. He stayed home                             
b. He ate breakfast     
c. He went to a friend’s house            
d. He repented. 

5. According to Matthew 21:29, what was the result of his repentance?  _______________

6. According to Matthew 21:29, the definition of repentance is a change of mind that results in a change of action or direction. In salvation, repentance is turning from our sin and turning to God. 
a. True            
b. False

7. According to the Bible, for salvation, repentance starts with admitting that you are a hell-deserving sinner.          
a. True            
b. False

8. According to 2 Corinthians 7:10, feeling deeply sorry for your sin is not repentance, but will lead to repentance; a desire to turn away from your sin and to God.   
a. True            
b. False

9. According to the Bible, an idol in your heart is anything that is more important than God.   
a. True            
b. False

10. According to 1 Thessalonians 1:9, true repentance is seen in turning away from idols and turning to God.       
a. True            
b. False

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