Firm Foundation Bible Study

Lesson 27 – Are you a sinner? 
Romans 3:23

In lessons 1–24 we learned how man’s sin problem came to be.  In lesson 25–26, we learned how God fixed man’s sin problem. 

In the remaining lessons, we will learn how this applies to you personally and how you can have your sins forgiven and enter into a right relationship with God.

A sinner is one who commits sin.  But what does the word “sin” mean?  We need to understand the meaning of the word sin before we can answer the question, “Are you a sinner?”

How does God define sin? 

1 John 3:4 – “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.”

God defines sin as transgressing God’s Law.   You sin when you disobey God and break His Law.

Example 1.  In Exodus 20:4-5, God says, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image… thou shalt not bow down thyself to them”

Have you ever bowed to an idol or wai at a spirit house?  Every time it happened, you disobeyed God.  You transgressed God’s Law.  You committed sin. 

Example 2.  In Exodus 20:12, God says to “Honour thy father and mother”

You honor your parents when you obey them.  You dishonor them when you do not obey them or when you sass back to them.  Have you always obeyed your parents in everything they told you?

Maybe they told you to clean your room, take out the garbage, or wash the dishes and you did not do it.  That is disobedience.  That is dishonoring your parents. 

If we are honest, we have all disobeyed our parents at some point.  Every time it happened, you disobeyed God.  You transgressed God’s Law.  You committed sin. 

Example 3.  In Exodus 20:13, God says “Thou shalt not kill”

You probably never killed another person.  But Jesus said that if you have ever been angry with another person, you have murdered them in your heart (Matthew 5:22). 

Every time you have been angry with someone else, you disobeyed God.  You transgressed God’s Law.  You committed sin.

Example 4.  In Exodus 20:14, God says “Thou shalt not commit adultery”

Jesus said that if ever you have looked on someone else with sexual desire, then you have committed adultery in the heart (Matthew 5:28). 

Every time you have ever looked on someone else with sexual desire, you disobeyed God.  You transgressed God’s Law.  You committed sin.

Example 5.  In Exodus 20:16, God says “Thou shalt not bear false witness”.  

Have you ever told a lie?  Of course you have.  Every person has told a lie.  It does not matter if your culture says it is o.k., God says do not lie. 

Every time you have lied, you disobeyed God.  You transgressed God’s Law.  You committed sin.

If God were to judge you just based on these few commandments, would you be guilty or innocent? 

Many people get offended when you tell them they are a sinner.  Most people think they are a good person.  They think a sinner is someone who is a really bad person like a murderer or a thief. 

But God’s Word said that a sinner is someone who has transgressed God’s Law. 

James 2:10 – “For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all”

This means that if you have ever sinned, even one time, then you are guilty of breaking God’s Law.

It may help to think of a chain.  How many links need to break in a chain for the whole chain to break? If just one link breaks, then the whole chain is broken.  It is the same with God’s Law.

It means that if you have ever bowed to an idol, wai’d a spirit house, disobeyed your parents, been angry with someone else, looked on another person with sexual desire, or told a lie, even one time, then you are guilty of breaking God’s Law.

Are you a sinner?  What does God say? 

Romans 3:23 – “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God”

According to this verse, who has sinned?  Every person has sinned.  Every person includes me.  Every person includes you.  There is no one who is righteous in God’s eyes. 

According to this verse, who has every person has come short of?  God

Suppose that you live until 70 years old.  Seventy years equals 25,550 days.  For you to go to heaven based on your righteousness would mean that you never sinned, even one time, for over 25,000 days. 

That is impossible!  Every person has fallen short of God’s perfection. 

But God made a way to fix man’s sin problem.   It starts with admitting that you are a sinner to God.  Confess that you have a sin problem. 

Then ask God for His solution to bring you into a right relationship with Him.

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Questions Lesson 27

1. According to the Bible, a sinner is one who commits sin.     
a. True     
b. False

2. According to 1 John 3:4, sin is defined as transgressing God’s Law.   
a. True     
b. False

3. According to 1 John 3:4, you sin when you disobey God and break his law.   
a. True    
b. False

4. According to Exodus 20:4-5, you sin when bow to an idol or wai a spirit house.  
a. True  
b. False

5. According to Exodus 20:12, you sin when you disobey your parents.   
a. True     
b. False

6. According to Exodus 20:13, you sin when you become angry with another person.  
a. True            
b. False

7. According to Exodus 20:14, you sin when you look on someone else with sexual desire.
a. True            
b. False

8. According to Exodus 20:16, you sin when you tell a lie.   
a. True
b. False

9. According to James 2:10, if you sin, even one time, then you have broken all of God’s Law. 
a. True            
b. False

10. According to Romans 3:23, there are some people who are not sinners.    
a. True    
b. False

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