Firm Foundation Bible Study

Lesson 26 – What Happened on the Cross? 
2 Corinthians 5:21

God’s plan to fix man’s sin problem was for a sinless substitute to die in the place of sinners.  The only one qualified to be the sinless substitute was God Himself, the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Jesus did many things while He was on the earth.  He performed miracles that proved He was God.  He healed sick people.  He cast demons out of people.  He raised the dead and many other things.

Jesus Christ did not come to be a teacher, though He taught.  He did not come to set a good example, though He did.  The greatest work of Jesus Christ focused on his death on the cross. 

The Jewish leaders were very jealous of Jesus’ popularity with the common people.  Eventually, they had Him arrested.  They made up false charges against Him so they could put Him to death. 

But God was still in control.  Actually, this was all a part of God’s master plan to fix man’s sin problem by providing the sinless substitute, the innocent dying for the guilty.

Based on the false charges, Jesus Christ was sentenced to be executed.  He was led to the place of execution and nailed to the cross.

So what happened on the cross that was so important and necessary so that God is now able to give eternal life to those who believe? 

2 Corinthians 5:21 – “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”

First, Jesus “knew no sin”.  Jesus is righteous.  He is holy.  He never spoke a sin.  He never thought a sin.  He never committed a sin. He is the only one who has ever lived this way because He is God. 

Second, God “made him to be sin”.  God took the sin of man and laid it upon Jesus Christ while He was on the cross.  Jesus literally paid the penalty of sin by dying on cross.

Third, God did this “for us”.  It was for our benefit.  God would only accept a sinless substitute.  Since every man is a sinner, man is disqualified from being the substitute. 

Without God providing the sinless substitute, there would be no way to fix man’s sin problem.  God did this for us so that He could bring us into a right relationship with Him.

Fourth, God took man’s sin and put it on Jesus Christ so that man might “be made the righteousness of God”.

For those who come into a right relationship with God, God takes the righteousness of Jesus Christ and places it upon them.

Now, when God looks at a believer, He does not see a sinner but He sees the righteousness of Jesus Christ.

This is the great transaction!  God took our sin and put it on Jesus Christ so that He could take the righteousness of Jesus Christ and put it upon us.  

That is what happened on the cross.  That is how God fixed man’s sin problem.

Jesus Christ died, was buried and three days later rose from the dead.  He is now able to give eternal life to all that believe on Him with all their heart. 

The death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ is called the gospel.  The word gospel means good news.   God fixed man’s sin problem through the gospel.  That is good news indeed!

Through the gospel, you can now come into a right relationship with God.

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Questions Lesson 26

1. According to the Bible, God’s plan to fix man’s sin problem was for a sinless __________ to die in the place of sinners. 

2. According to the Bible, the only one qualified to be the sinless substitute was God Himself, Jesus Christ.                        
a. True            
b. False

3. According to 2 Corinthians 5:21, Jesus was a sinner just like every other man.  
a. True  
b. False

4. According to 2 Corinthians 5:21, Jesus died on the cross for his own sin.  
a. True  
b. False

5. According to 2 Corinthians 5:21, God made Jesus Christ to become sin by taking the sin of man and putting it on Jesus.    
a. True
b. False

6. According to 2 Corinthians 5:21, for those who come into a right relationship with God, he takes the righteousness of Jesus Christ and puts it on the believer.   
a. True            
b. False

7. According to 2 Corinthians 5:21, God took your sin and put it on Jesus Christ so that he could take the righteousness of Jesus Christ and put it upon you.   
a. True    
b. False

8. According to the Bible, when God looks at a believer, he sees the righteousness of Jesus Christ.  a. True             
b. False

9. According to the Bible, the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ is called the __________

10. According to the Bible, only through the gospel can you come into a right relationship with God.
a. True            
b. False

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